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2022-07-30 06:32:19

All about Gallstone and its Treatment Shalby Hospital

The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ in the upper abdomen under the liver that stores and releases bile. Bile is a fluid that is responsible to digest food and break the fats. If the bile gets out of balance or the gallbladder doesn’t work properly, the hard substances in bile can crystallize to form Gall stones. These gall stones can be as small as rice and as big as a golf ball. 


As per NIDDK Gall stones are usually non-problematic and don’t need any treatment. In fact, an estimated 50–70% of gallstones are asymptomatic unless the stone blocks, one of the bile ducts which is also called a “gallbladder attack.” A gallbladder attack is a severe pain like a poking knife in your belly that can last for hours. Gallstones don’t go on their own and if the symptoms are severe the best urologist in India will suggest either non-surgical or surgical procedures like: 


  •  Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography:  An endoscope is used to visualize the bile ducts. For gallstones, a doctor at the best gallstone treatment hospital may use the procedure to remove a stone from a blocked duct. 


  • Oral dissolution therapy: Through this nonsurgical procedure your urologist will use medications to break up the gallstones. 


However, the attempts to dissolve or break up gallstones are rarely effective and if they don’t work, your urologist will advise you for surgery. The gallbladder is not a very crucial organ for human life and it can be safely removed by the best general surgeons in India using a surgery known as cholecystectomy. 


There are 2 types of Gallstone surgery 


  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: With the advancement in technology the surgeries now have become less invasive with a short stay in hospital. This Minimal invasive procedure is also known as “keyhole surgery.” The surgeon will make small cuts, to insert a laparoscope (a thin, flexible tube that contains a camera and a light) into your abdomen. The device will help your general surgeon to see your gallbladder better. Next, they’ll insert a special medical device to remove the gallbladder. 


  • You will be given general anesthesia during the procedure so that you are sleeping without feeling any pain. 


Open surgery:  Unlike the procedure above in this, your surgeon will make a 5- to 7-inch cut on your belly to take out your gallbladder. Your doctor may suggest open surgery if you have a bleeding disorder. The doctor will suggest this procedure in some other circumstances also like: 


  • Severe gallbladder disease or severely inflamed 
  • Overweight 
  • Last trimester of pregnancy 
  • Critically infected 


Can I try other treatments before surgery? 


  • The symptoms can be managed for a while by adopting dietary modifications. This involves reducing your intake of fatty meals. However, dietary adjustments aren't always effective in preventing gallbladder attacks. 


  • After making initial assessments and checking into your reports, your doctor will suggest you the best treatment options for gallstones. If surgery is not needed, the doctor will prescribe medicines to dissolve your gallstones. Dissolving the stones from medicine is a long process and can take months, if not years, to complete. Even if the gallstones go, there's a chance that they will reappear. 




  • The time it takes you to recover is determined by the type of surgery you went through. 


  • If you had laparoscopic surgery then you can expect to go home, in 24-48 hours (depending on your situation). Compared to open surgery this is less invasive which means, less discomfort and fast recovery. Within 2-3 weeks you will be able to get back to your normal routine. 


  • You will be asked to stay in the hospital for a few extra days if your gallbladder is removed through open surgery. It can take around six to eight weeks for your body to get fully recovered. 


  • Gallstones are not something you should be worried about unless they show severe symptoms. Not everyone with gallstone needs surgery, as they can be treated by nonsurgical procedures as well. We at Shalby hospitals are renowned to provide the best treatment for gallstones. We have one of the best general surgeons in India who are highly experienced in a wide range of surgeries such as abdominal or endocrine areas. 


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